- Work stressors
- Environment stressors
- Social stressors
- Personal health condition stressors
- Biochemical stressors
1. Work Stressors
At work when people feel they have no control over what they do or think that too many or too high demands are put on them, they may experience excessive stress.
Some of the stressors that one can encounter at the work place are as follows:
- Task demands: Examples of task demands are: a difficult assignment, workload, lack of time to complete a task , emergency, or by significance of a situation, need for quick or serious decisions with big consequences, etc.
- Role demands: Role demands can also cause stress. The best example are managers who have to stand between their subordinates and superiors, and both sides have different expectations on them or uncertainty - when it has not been made clear what exactly their role is.
- Interpersonal difficulties and conflicts: Interpersonal relationships that have gone bad and lead to conflicts are also stressors. Examples include an employee going through a divorce will experience high levels of stress. A labour dispute. Harassment or perceived harassment by a colleague.
- Physical demands: Conditions in the work place very often can be stressful. Cases when noise and high temperature cause stress are not rare. Exhausting activities and long working hours are some other stressors that fall within the category of physical demands.
2. Environment stressors
- Poor building / living conditions.
- Failures of power and water supply.
- Poor conditions of transport to work.
3. Social Stressors
- Family problems / illness in the family.
- Financial problems.
- Non-acceptance within a group.
- Major life changes.
4. Personal health condition
Health problems almost always cause stress, but long-term stress itself, if goes unchecked, can increase our risk for numerous diseases and health problems such as alcohol and drug dependencies, headaches, migraines, heart disease/heart attack, high blood pressure, sleep disturbances, etc.
5. Self Stressors
Our thoughts and beliefs can sometimes cause stress. Some of the situations when stressors of this group can appear are:
- Thinking about unpleasant past events or anticipating unpleasant future events.
- Feeling of failure, shame or guilt.
- Aiming for personal perfection.
6. Biochemical Sources
Biochemical sources can also cause stress. It is interesting to mention that even though many people think that nicotine and caffeine can help to relief from stress, they are considered as one of biochemical causes of stress.
Our daily life is full of possible sources of stress but it is important to remember that what is stressful for one individual is not necessarily stressful for another individual.
Note: This article was first published on empowerment-gateway.com on 11 May 2015
Written by Laurinda Seabra