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Emergencies: Essential Items for Your Emergency Kit

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Emergencies: Essential Items for Your Emergency Kit


Written by  Laurinda Seabra
Friday, 28 July 2017 12:29

If you are like most people, we haven't a clue where to start. In this short article we give you some basic guidelines about the basic items you should include in your 3-day kit. Its not exaustive, and you should take into account your specific family members requirements. But we believe you can use it as a starting point.

A basic 3 day emergency kit should contain the following supplies:

  • Water (at least 1 litre per person, per day)
  • Food (more on this below)
  • Battery-powered or hand-powered radio and extra batteries
  • High-powered flashlight
  • First aid kit
  • Whistle (to signal for help)
  • Baby wipes, garbage bags, and twist ties (for sanitation)
  • Local maps
  • Solar cell phone charger
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Plastic sheeting and duct tape, or emergency tents

Of course, this is only a basic list. You can expand your emergency kit to be more prepared and comfortable during a disaster or evacuation. Consider adding the following supplies:

  • Multi-tool
  • Copies of essential documents, such as birth certificates, IDs, wills, health insurance cards, immunization records, all stored in a sealed Ziploc bag
  • A list of emergency numbers, including family contacts (keep in mind your cell phone might run out of batteries or be damaged during an emergency)
  • A roll of coins to use a pay phone
  • Cash (in small bills)
  • A complete change of seasonally appropriate clothing for every member of your family
  • Compass
  • Heavy work gloves
  • Duct tape
  • Personal care items for each member of your family (toothbrushes, toothpaste, wipes, deodorant, diapers, feminine hygiene items)
  • Pain medication, such as ibuprofen, Children’s Tylenol, etc
  • An emergency medical book if medical help is unavailable or delayed.
  • Pet food and supplies
  • Sleeping bags for each family member
  • Household bleach and dropper for water disinfection (use 16 drops of bleach to one gallon of water; do not use color-safe or scented bleach)
  • Empty water bottles for water storage
  • Blood-clotting agents for severe wounds

Your emergency kit should be stored in a backpack (or several) and kept in an easily accessible closet in your home.




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